- Depresses breathing and other brain centers. Relieves pain and anxiety.
- Depresses all body systems.
- Dependence develops with tolerance and cross-tolerance of other drug effects
- Unborn children of dependent mother absorb the drugs and experience a life-threatening withdrawal process after birth.
- To experience the effects of codeine, human body must convert the drug to morphine.
- In most humans, about 10% of codeine is transformed to morphine.
- Effects of codeine start at 10-30 minutes after ingestion, peak within 1 to 2 hours and may last 4-6 hours, depending on dose administered.
- Codeine comes from the opium poppy and is related to morphine and heroin. It is found in tablets such as codeis and panadeine; in cough mixtures such as codral; and in cold and 'flu preparations such as codral cold and 'flu tablets.
- Within two to three weeks of consecutive use a physical and psychological addiction may develop.
- Misuse will lead to an apathetic, dulling-type effect, a lack of co-ordination
and dulled responses.